Doberman Pinscher

Doberman Pinscher

Doberman Pinscher was created by Louis Dobermann, of Apolda, Germany, in the 1890s. Dobermann wanted a medium-sized dog who could be a companion dog and yet still serve as a guard dog. It is believed that Dobermann used German Pinschers, Rottweilers, a black and tan Manchester Terrier, and a short-haired shepherd to create his new breed. Some experts believe that there might also be some Greyhound mixed in.

No matter what the ancestry, Louis Dobermann created a versatile working dog who has served ably in many capacities. The U.S. Marine Corps has used many breeds, including the Doberman. In World War II, dogs were integral to the success of so many operations that a war dog platoon was required to serve with every Marine Corps division. A life-sized bronze statue of a Doberman stands in Guam, labeled “Always Faithful,” in honor of the many war dogs who served and died there.

The Doberman Pinscher today is a medium-sized dog who stands tall and carries herself proudly, making her look larger than she actually is. Doberman Pinschers stand between 24 and 28 inches tall and usually weigh between 60 and 85 pounds, with females smaller than males. The head is wedgeshaped, the eyes almond-shaped and expressive, and the neck well-arched so that the head is carried proudly. The ears are cropped, although today many people retain the natural ears, which are folded. The Doberman’s chest is broad, back is straight, and tail is docked.

The Doberman Pinscher coat is smooth, short, hard, and thick. The Doberman can be black, red, blue, or fawn; all four colors will have rust marking above the eyes, on the muzzle, throat, forechest, and all four legs, and below the tail. Grooming the Doberman Pinscher’s short coat is easy; brush it twice a week with a soft bristle brush or curry comb. During spring and fall, when shedding is at its worst, daily brushing will help keep hair in the house to a minimum.

Doberman Pinschers need exercise, and a walk is certainly not enough. A run alongside a bicycle will be better, as will a vigorous game of catching a tennis ball or a good workout on the agility course. Vigorous daily exercise is needed to keep her fit and to prevent problem behaviors that will crop up when she’s bored. Although Doberman Pinschers today are much softer that those of years past, they are still excellent watchdogs and protectors. It’s very important that Doberman Pinscher puppies attend a puppy class where socialization is emphasized, especially to a variety of people. An overprotected and undersocialized Doberman Pinscher can be worried and fearful, neither a good trait for this proud breed.

Doberman Pinscher training should begin young, too, not just to teach household rules and social manners—although both are important—but also to keep that intelligent, inquisitive mind busy! The Doberman Pinscher dog breed thrives on canine sports. Doberman Pinschers are dedicated, loyal companions, excellent with people of all ages, although Doberman Pinscher puppies can be rowdy and need to be taught not to play roughly with children. They can be good with other pets and, when taught not to chase, with the family cat. They can be aggressive toward unknown dogs. Health concerns include cardiomyopathy, wobbler’s syndrome, and von Willebrand’s disease.


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  1. Tia the Doberman says:

    Tia is a red Doberman female that is 8 years old. She is a 69-pound lap dog. Any chance to get close to people she is right there unless you are using power tools or the vacuum. She loves to play in the snow and chase squirrels. Overall, she has been in very good health with minimal hip problems. She plays too hard at times and limps for a while. We learned from watching The Dog Whisperer that we were not exercising her enough, so we started walking her 5 days a week. It has really helped with her hips.

  2. Deevo says:

    Deevo the Doberman Pincher at 9 months old is shy until he gets to know you, then he will be jumping all over you. He likes to go for walks, run around the beach, and to play with other people’s dogs (very friendly). He hates when they stop playing with him to relax or rest. Every once in a while he will dig a hole, happens rarely. Rarely barks, never tries to run after other dogs, always sticks to me wherever I go around the house, he never leaves my sight. Doberman are not aggressive as many people say, no dog is born aggressive; they are created.

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