Canadian Eskimo Dog arrived in the Arctic regions around 1200 A.D. The dogs were the companions and working partners of the Inuit people. The dogs pulled sleds, carried backpacks, hunted, and warned of polar bears. However, as the modern age intruded into the Arctic, the dogs were replaced with modern tools. By 1970, the breed was facing extinction. Although efforts are underway to save the breed, its future is still in jeopardy.
The Canadian Eskimo Dogs stand between 23 and 27.5 inches tall and weigh 60 to 100 pounds. The ears are erect but not large. The eyes are usually dark; blue eyes are not allowed by the breed standard. The coat is dense, with a heavy undercoat and a long outer coat. Any coat color is permitted. The tail is long and is usually carried curled over the back. The coat should be brushed at least twice a week, although daily brushing may be needed when shedding is at its worst.
This dog breed was designed to work. If there is no work to do (weight pulling, sledding, skijoring, or agility), then these dogs need vigorous exercise. When there is no snow, they can run alongside a bicycle. Without work or adequate exercise, they can get into trouble. Training should begin early.
Firm training is essential for this breed, as they are very determined. Training can also provide the breed with a job to do. Unlike the Siberian Husky, the Alaskan Malamute, and other northern breeds, the Canadian Eskimo Dog breed is relatively unknown to pet owners, which may have led to its present predicament. However, pet owners who enjoy northern breeds can still help save the Canadian Eskimo Dog. When provided with training and exercise, this dog can be a good pet. He is patient with children who treat him respectfully. He should not be trusted with other small pets; his hunting instincts are too strong. This is a healthy breed.