Border Collie probably developed in Scotland, as the word collie is a Scottish dialect word meaning sheepdog. The Border Collie is recognized worldwide today as one of the best sheep-herding breeds in existence.
The Border Collie is a medium-sized dog, between 18 and 23 inches at the shoulder and 35 to 50 pounds. The breed has two varieties of coat. The rough coat is medium to long, with a flat to slightly wavy outer coat. The hair on the face is short and smooth. The short coat variety has a short, smooth coat over the entire body, although dogs may have feathering on the back of the forelegs.
The Border Collie dog breed has many acceptable colors, including black with or without white markings and the classic tricolor with white and copper markings on a black dog. Grooming a Border Collie is easy. She should be brushed and combed twice weekly.
Border Collies are workaholics. If there are no sheep to herd, then there should be an agility course to run, a newspaper to be retrieved from down the driveway, and tricks to learn. A Border Collie can be tough to live with because she won’t get comfy on the sofa and stay there until you’re ready to do something.
Training a Border Collie can also be a challenge; not because training is difficult—it’s not—but because Border Collies are very intelligent. Instead, the challenge is staying one step ahead! All Border Collies should attend puppy and basic training and then go on to more advanced training. Keep her mind busy and active and make training fun.
The Border Collie can be a wonderful family pet in a busy, active household that can meet her needs. She is patient with children and loves to play games with them, but may frustrate some kids when she tries to herd them. She is also fine with other dogs when well-socialized as a puppy, but other dogs may not understand the breed’s stare. Interactions with small pets should be supervised. Health concerns include hip dysplasia and eye defects.